The 14th Canadian Hussars

While not officially perpetuated by The Saskatchewan Dragoons, the story of the 14th Canadian Hussars is a very real part of our military tradition. Our late Honourary Lieutenant Colonel Jack Sader, a captain with the 8th Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars) during World War II, lived to see a subunit of The Saskatchewan Dragoons established in Swift Current, and the Dragoons granted "Freedom of the City".

The 16th Mounted Rifles

The 16th Mounted Rifles, the first Militia regiment in Saskatchewan, was raised on 3 July 1905, with headquarters in Grenfell. (Saskatchewan was a territory at this time and did not become a province until September 1st, 1905.) The 16th Mounted Rifles, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R.J. Gwynn, formed an independent squadron known as D Squadron in Moose Jaw, with Major George Stuart Tuxford (1870-1943) as Officer Commanding. The name "16th Mounted Rifles" was a misnomer in that it was intended for the unit to be a cavalry regiment, but "mounted rifles" denotes mounted infantry. And so, on October 1st, 1908, the 16th Mounted Rifles were redesignated the 16th Light Horse.

The 27th Light Horse

On April 1st, 1910, the Officers and Senior NCOs of D Squadron, with approval from then Colonel Sam Steele, commander of Militia District No. 10, and Minister of Militia Brigidier General Sam Hughes, formed the 27th Light Horse, with Regimental Headquarters at Moose Jaw. Major Tuxford was promoted Lieutenant Colonel, and the regiment began to grow rapidly. LCol Tuxford wrote in his memoirs:

". . . I was given authority to organize a new Regiment of mounted troops, to consist of 3 Squadrons for a start. The 3 Squadrons were to be located at Moose Jaw, Swift Current and Maple Creek, with troops at Moose Jaw, Keeler, Pense and Morse."

5th Canadian Infantry Battalion (Western Cavalry)

With the outbreak of the Great War in 1914, LCol Tuxford approached Col Steele and requested that a mounted contingent, under Tuxford's command, be sent overseas. Unfortunately for LCol Tuxford, another cavalry regiment had already been chosen for this task. However, seizing the initiative, Tuxford made a request to form a dismounted contingent. Tuxford wrote:

". . . I, therefore, got Colonel Steele to wire in to Ottawa and ask for permission for the mounted units from the West to come down to Valcartier as dismounted troops, if they so desired . . . Upon application I was authorised to organize the two battalions."

"In the one battalion I placed the 12th, 16th, 27th, 29th, 30th, 31st, 35th (Light Horse) and Corps of Guides. This battalion became the 5th Canadian Infantry Battalion, and later on being asked to select a name for the battalion, I could think of no better than that of Western Cavalry, and as such they remained the 5th Battalion, Western Cavalry."

Tuxford, who became a Brigadier General, hoped that should he be given the opportunity to form a mounted unit in France, he would have an entire battalion of cavalry in place. The opportunity never came.

8th Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars)

By the end of World War I, the regimental headquarters of the 27th Light Horse had been moved from Moose Jaw to Swift Current. However, the 27th Light Horse continued on. The regiment was redesignated the 14th Canadian Light Horse on March 15, 1920, and the 14th Canadian Hussars on August 1st, 1940.

The unit was mobilized on 26 January 1941. It was converted to armour and redesignated the 8th (Reserve) Reconnaissance Battalion (14th Canadian Hussars) on 1 April 1941, and as the 8th (Reserve) Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars) on 8 June 1942. The unit acted as the reconnaissance regiment of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, and its battle honours read like an account of Canada's participation in the war in northwest Europe:

  • Caen
  • Falaise
  • Falaise Road
  • Clair Tizon
  • The Laison
  • The Seine, 1944
  • Antwerp-Turnhout Canal
  • The Scheldt
  • Woensdrecht
  • South Beveland
  • The Rhineland
  • Twente Canal
  • Groningen
  • Oldenburg
  • North-West Europe, 1944-1945

14th Canadian Hussars

Reflecting its actual role during World War II, the unit was redesignated the 8th Armoured Car Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars) in 1947. In 1949 the name was reversed to the 14th Canadian Hussars (8th Armoured Car Regiment). 1954 saw this name shortened to the 14th Canadian Hussars (8th Armoured Regiment). Finally, on 19 May 1958, the Regiment became the 14th Canadian Hussars.

On 1 March 1965, the 14th Canadian Hussars met the fate of too many other proud regiments. On that date, the unit was disbanded and "placed on the Supplementary Order of Battle". The armoury in Swift Current was sold to the city.


Bibliography

16th Light Horse, Capt J.D. Murray, 2002, unpublished

8th Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars), Internet, © 1997-2002 by Chris Johnson

14th Canadian Hussars, Internet, © 1995-2002 by Regiments.Org


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Page created 11 December 2002.

Last modified 31 october 2006.

Copyright © 2002, 2006 The Saskatchewan Dragoons. All rights reserved.